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反身代詞歸納--2019年高起點英語考試重點-湖南函授專科

湖南成人高考網 發布時間:2018-12-27 16:12:09



一、反身代詞有myself, ourselves, yourselves, himself, herself, themselves, itself.主語與賓語為同一人或物時,要用反身代詞(否則就不能用反身代詞),反身代詞也可放在名詞或代詞(主格)后面(也可放在句尾)起強調作用

  1) All [A] the scouts(童子軍) got theirselves [B] ready for the [C] long camping trip by spending their weekends living [D] in the open.

  2) Various [A] animals have shells that keep themselves [B] from growing beyond [C] a certain [D] size.

  3) Benjamin Banneker’s aptitude [A] in mathematics [B] knowledge of astronomy enabled himself [C] to predict the solar [D] eclipse of 1789.

  4) The president announced that he himself [A] would act upon [B] the evidence as presented [C] to himself [D] by the congressional committee.

  5) Garrett [A] Morgan died in Cleveland, Ohio, the city that [A] had awarded himself [B] a gold medal for his devotion [C] to public [D] safety.

  6) Plants rid them [A] of excess water through [B] transpiration, the evaporation of extra [C] moisture from their [D] leaves.

  7) When Jonathan went [A] to Spain with his [B] sister, he bought a [C] leather coat for her another for him [D] .

二、例題解析

  1) B錯。 改為themselves.

  2) B錯。B處明顯指代animals,而它前面的主語that卻指代shells,也就是說“that”和“themselves”指的不是同一事物。由于主語與賓語不是同一物,故不能用反身代詞,應改為賓格them.

  3) C錯。本句的主語為aptitude,而非Benjamin Banneker(在這里它作aptitude的定語),而C處的代詞卻指上文提到的人名“Benjamin Banneker”,由于主語與賓語并非指同一人,故不能用反身代詞,應改用賓格him.

  4) D錯。 改為to him.動詞“presented”的(邏輯)主語是“evidence”,而不是A處的“he,”所以D“himself”處與C處“presented”的主語“evidence”不一致,所以不能用反身代詞。

  5) B錯。 改為him.同上。

  6) A錯。此處的them指主語plants,rid是及物動詞,由于主語與賓語指同一物,故應使用反身代詞themselves.

  7) D錯。 改為for himself.


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